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Kenaf – The Environmental Entrepreneurship Powerhouse


Kenaf, Hibiscus cannabinus a heat season annual carefully associated to cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) and okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.).

Kenaf can be utilized as a home provide of cordage fiber within the manufacture of rope, twine, carpet backing and burlap. Analysis, within the early Nineteen Forties, targeted on the event of high-yielding anthracnose-resistant varieties, cultural practices and harvesting equipment.

Through the Nineteen Fifties, kenaf was recognized as a promising fiber supply for paper pulp. Kenaf fibers have been processed into top quality newsprint and bond paper.

Though kenaf is often thought-about a fiber crop, analysis signifies that it has excessive protein content material and, subsequently, is a possible livestock feed. Crude protein in kenaf leaves ranged from 21 to 34 p.c, stalk crude protein ranged from 10 to 12 p.c, and whole-plant crude protein ranged from 16 to 23 p.c.

Kenaf might be ensilaged successfully, and it has passable digestibility with a excessive share of digestible protein. Digestibility of dry matter and crude proteins in kenaf feeds ranged from 53 to 58 p.c, and 59 to 71 p.c, respectively Kenaf meal, used as a complement in a rice ration for sheep, in contrast favorably with a ration containing alfalfa meal.

Along with the usage of kenaf for cordage, paper pulp and livestock feed researchers have investigated its use as poultry litter and animal bedding, bulking agent for sewage sludge composting and as a potting soil modification. Extra merchandise embody car dashboards, carpet padding, corrugated medium, as a “substitute for fiberglass and different artificial fibers,” constructing supplies (particle boards of varied densities, thicknesses, and fireplace and bug resistances), absorbents, textiles and as fibers in extraction molded plastics.

Kenaf is within the Hibiscus household, is cousin to Cotton and Okra, and is presently grown primarily in China and India for its excessive power fibers. No one has targeted on kenaf for meals as a result of the leaves didn’t style good. Nonetheless, a novel strand referred to as Whitten Kenaf was developed by the Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station and launched for common use in 2005. These leaves style fairly good, a form of lemony, Cajun style. This number of kenaf has vast cotton formed leaves, can be utilized for meals, has been grown for meals in Haiti for 3 years the place they love the style and have developed their very own recipes. The leaves, seeds, stalk and core are all separate harvests. The result’s a number of makes use of and advantages.

The kenaf plant is likely one of the quickest rising vegetation on the planet, a lot sooner than native weeds, so it requires minimal soil preparation and is simple to plant and keep. As a result of the soil doesn’t need to be tilled, most microorganism density is maintained and chemical fertilizers should not wanted Kenaf is a particularly environment friendly plant that makes use of minimal assets, with distinctive output. Kenaf vegetation develop as much as 20 ft tall. One acre can produce as a lot as 20 tons of biomass in 6 months.

Low Water Utilization

The stalk and roots have the power to retailer water like a camel, so the plant performs extraordinarily nicely, even in arid/drought circumstances the place most different vegetation fail. When planted earlier than wet season, no follow-up watering is required. This absolves the necessity for costly irrigation and water rights points.

Leaves Feed People

Whitten Kenaf leaves are scrumptious and excessive in protein, as much as 34%. It’s repeatedly eaten in Haiti in soups, salads, boiled like spinach or added to rice. Kenaf might be eaten inside 10 days of planting, when simply 18 inches tall, and the leaves and stems might be frequently harvested from that time ahead. Every planted seed has the potential of making 80 servings of edible meals. Subsequently, it may be used as a excessive protein hunger aversion crop. The truth is, 2,000 individuals in Mirebalais, Haiti used kenaf to maintain from ravenous in 2009.

In Haiti, a number of kenaf leaf recipes have been developed. Seeds Feed People might be floor into great gluten-free flour for baking. In Mirebalais, Haiti they use kenaf flour for a number of recipes. 1/2 pound of kenaf flour could make 20 to 30 pan sized breakfast pancakes.

There’s a lengthy custom of utilizing kenaf for meals in India to provide gongura. There are a lot of recipes and images of meals primarily based on gongura on the web.

Cash Crop

Kenaf seeds are bought by the pound, which consists of about 20,000 seeds. 1 pound of kenaf seed presently prices $4.00 USD. In poor soil circumstances, 1 kenaf plant produces about 200 seeds. 10 acres of poor soil can develop 10,000 lbs of kenaf seed per rising season, representing $40,000 USD of revenue. Florida analysis farmer Harry Lengthy, in cooperation Mr. Loftus, got here up with an natural system the place they yielded 11,382 seeds per plant!! It takes about 1 12 months from planting time earlier than native farmers can harvest and promote the seeds as a cash crop. They will promote the stalks as firewood at the moment, too.

Animal Feed:

Leaves might be dried and was completely different sized pellets as excessive protein feed for rabbits, fish, chickens, and goats. Rabbit meat is basically great for you, being decrease in fat and ldl cholesterol and better in protein than beef. Business grade rabbit farming and fish farming (tilapia) might be sustained with kenaf pellets. (The US presently imports $750M of tilapia per 12 months from China.)

A yard farming methodology can be being perfected for small scale manufacturing of rabbits, fish, chickens, and goats, on small plots of land utilizing house grown kenaf pellets, nearly eliminating feed prices. This supplies meat, fish, poultry, eggs, and dairy merchandise for household consumption and on the market/export. This could possibly be a independent supply of meals and revenue for the poorest of the poor. They will make $25 per week rising and selecting their very own kenaf for animal feed, beginning inside 2 months of planting the seed. This does not even take into accounts the revenue they will obtain from promoting their livestock.

Cooking Gas:

Cooking Gas: The kenaf stalk has a warmth worth akin to burning pine. A low value, protected, smokeless Kenaf Range has been designed for top effectivity cooking and bio-char (a type of charcoal) manufacturing. The Kenaf Range burns kenaf or wooden in an oxygen disadvantaged surroundings, leading to a a lot cleaner, no smoke fireplace the place the gasoline lasts MUCH longer. 4 households can have a 12 months’s provide of gasoline from a soccer area measurement of planted kenaf. When the air provide to the range is shut off, bio-char is created. Making bio-char from kenaf and placing it into the soil as a soil modification replenishes the soil and capabilities as a fertilizer and a soil stabilizer.

This recapturing of waste lands can halt deforestation and desertification as individuals use kenaf as an alternative of gathering wooden for cooking. Any bio-char not used as fertilizer might be molded into charcoal briquettes. The Kenaf Range may use grass, waste paper, and so forth. to make bio-char which is then made into charcoal briquettes. Households can then promote the charcoal for revenue.

Carbon Sequestration

One acre of kenaf can sequester 8 occasions as a lot carbon as an acre of evergreen timber. One acre of kenaf absorbs roughly 10 to twenty tons of Carbon throughout photosynthesis. When used as cooking gasoline on the Kenaf Range, a further 5 tons of bio-char is made. When put into the earth, this bio-char completely shops the carbon in a useful method, within the floor.

Kenaf is carbon detrimental, if you put the bio-char into the soil. If we will change from coal to kenaf for making energy, we will sequester sufficient CO2 per 12 months to fully remedy the anthropogenic impact on local weather change, impacting world warming

Electrical energy Era

Inventor C. Morrison has developed a biomass energy plant that may use kenaf biomass to create a hydrogen/carbon monoxide fuel known as syngas. These gasses are ample to run {an electrical} generator. One energy plant can service a whole rural village. The biomass yield for an acre of kenaf is 3 to 4 occasions larger than for timber. 50 acres of kenaf can gasoline 1 energy plant, perpetually.

This method is self-contained and poses no air high quality, water high quality, soil degradation, odor, or noise points. There are not any distinctive development or set up necessities. It’s as easy to function as any family equipment and is sufficiently small to suit on a trailer (see image) or be mounted in a small constructing. The electrical energy not utilized by the agricultural village might be bought to {the electrical} energy grid as a further supply of revenue. Think about a relentless provide of electrical energy being provided to city facilities by rural villages, this in nations tormented by common brownouts and blackouts. The one by-product from gasification is a sellable bio-char ash that can be utilized as a soil modification for growers.

Natural Fertilizer

A cheap natural fertilizer that may be made domestically, utilizing bio-char, is being developed. Bio-char acts as a house for microbial exercise. This can be utilized to boost soil high quality even within the poorest of soils, with out utilizing harmful and costly chemical fertilizers Bio-char as a fertilizer has been recognized to double plant development. This can improve the yields and profitability per sq. meter of the kenaf vegetation and different fruit and veggies grown in subsequent years. This can result in a virtuous cycle of accelerating financial prosperity from 12 months to 12 months, utilizing land assets presently considered as unproductive.

Kenaf bio-char may even be utilized in treating human bodily waste to transform the nitrogen into productive varieties, turning a waste product right into a useful resource. This could enhance sanitary circumstances and would have been helpful through the latest Cholera outbreak in Haiti. 5 gallon buckets can be utilized as bogs and when mixed with biochar, inside 6 months the poo and urine might be safely used as fertilizer. If 2 billion individuals have been to make use of these bogs, then 2 billion kilos of fertilizer could be generated day-after-day. Over time we might even recapture the deserts.

Textiles The bast (skinny outer bark) of the kenaf plant is a excessive power fiber used to make burlap luggage, plastics, industrial and industrial materials, cordage, rope and cord.


Kenaf paper has superior fiber content material in comparison with wood-based paper merchandise, and it takes far much less time to develop kenaf in comparison with timber.

Constructing Supplies

The fibrous outer core of plant stems can be utilized to make composites, polymers, binders, biodegradable plastic, injection molded panels, engineered wooden panels, substitute for carbon, glass, different mineral fibers, fibrous reinforcement of plaster, cement, and wall boards. Development The Styrofoam-like inside core of the kenaf plant can be utilized for animal bedding, kitty litter, municipal wastewater therapy, and for oil spill cleanup on land or at sea. Along side recycled wooden and recycled concrete, the kenaf core may also be used to make a light-weight weight but very robust cement block that has nice insulation properties and is nearly fireproof. These blocks can be utilized to construct single household houses and multi-story buildings, with out utilizing energy instruments.

A self-sustaining environmental house has been designed utilizing kenaf and different applied sciences, at a value between $5,000 and $10,000 (relying on circumstances, sewage and electrical necessities and sizes) per home. These houses will present for clear water, housing, electrical energy, and sanitation. Supposed as a growing nation starter house, development is so easy that children can assemble a home in 1 day< and a household can simply add-on further rooms and lease them out as a supply of additional revenue. This makes it potential for single moms to turn into financially impartial with out having to work outdoors the house. The societal implications of this are staggering


This can be a aspect impact from successfully leveraging kenaf as a method to offer meals, shelter, and a residing wage, in a rural setting. Individuals residing within the metropolis slums can transfer again to their rural origins and really present for themselves, sustainably. The Whitten number of Hibiscus cannabinus L.,is an effective tasting kenaf that has the potential to function a meals supply in lots of international locations.

Kenaf is a plant that has the potential to alter the world. It’s a very previous plant utilized by mankind. All through the Bible you examine sackcloth. Sackcloth is constructed from kenaf. Solely royalty was allowed to put on linen or cotton. The poor grew kenaf, spun it and made their garments from kenaf. They made ropes and cordage from kenaf.

Many individuals need to assist the surroundings. Many individuals are looking for methods to decrease the greenhouse gases which might be heating up our world. We fear in regards to the Arctic ice melting and the lack of the polar bear. We’re all involved with the an increasing number of violent climate patterns, the floods, earthquakes and volcanoes erupting. We do not need to see sea ranges rise and inundate our coastal cities. However what can one individual do?

Some individuals have gotten concerned with tree planting tasks. Tree planting tasks are nice. They sequester various carbon. The issue is, the people who find themselves concerned are working in what I name an incomplete transaction. The individuals who have tree planting tasks get the assets they want and also you get the satisfaction of figuring out you’re doing one thing good however there isn’t any return for you donation.

What if there have been a method to do one thing actually good for the surroundings, one thing that sequesters extra carbon than timber…and on the similar time it affords you a payback? Sure, that is what I imply. A return in your funding. Sequester carbon, assist the surroundings and earn cash on the similar time? There’s a plant known as kenaf that sequesters extra carbon than another species on the Earth. One acre of kenaf sequesters as a lot carbon as 8 acres of quick rising pine timber.

Kenaf May Change the World If We All Received Concerned In Planting It And Utilizing It. Here is What Kenaf Can Do:

1. Sequester Extra Carbon Per Acre Than Any Different Plant

2. Be Meals For People Wherever In The World The place There Is Starvation

3. Make Glorious Feed For Livestock together with Yard Fish Ponds

4. The Stalks Can Be Used As Firewood

5. Make Biochar For Fertilizing The Earth Organically

6. Make Lovely Fabric That Can Be Used For Clothes And Industrial Use

7. Make Biocomposites That Can Be Used For Automobile Interiors

8. Be Used To Generate Electrical energy

9. Make A Higher High quality Paper Than Pine Bushes And Be Prepared For Use In 6 Months As an alternative Of Years

10. Have Seeds That Can Be Made Into Gluten Free Flour

11. Have Seeds That Can Be Made Into A Beauty Oil

12. Have Leaves That Make Glorious Potherbs

13. Can Be Lower Again Many Occasions And When It Regrows It Produces Extra Meals Or Feed

14. Grows Sooner Than Simply About Any Plant

15. Does Not Use A Lot Of Water – It Grows In Somalia

16. BioChar Made From Kenaf Can Deal with Human Wastes And Flip It Into Fertilizer

17. The Interior Core Is Glorious For Animal Bedding With out Mud

18. Many Sorts Of Constructing Supplies Can Be Made From The Bast Fiber

19. The Interior Core Fiber Can Be Made Into A Filler For A Light-weight Cement Block

20. Extracted Kenaf seed oil can be utilized as a bio-fuel for Diesel engines

This plant might feed individuals in poor international locations. This plant might sequester extra carbon in all places on the planet. This plant might present organic fertilizers. And the plant has so many makes use of.

We have to construct a corporation made up of people that need to see much less starvation, extra firewood, cheap houses for poor individuals in growing international locations. The individuals we search to attach with are in all probability doing one thing inexperienced of their lives. They might similar to to discover a method to make it worthwhile whereas being extra Inexperienced. In different phrases, having an entire transaction.

There’s a want to seek out individuals devoted to planting kenaf and has already developed advertising and marketing automobiles for the kenaf fiber and different merchandise. We’re actively researching vegetable dyes, making kenaf cloth water repellent with environmentally sound supplies. Now we have plans to make again packs, tote luggage, and home items from kenaf. And we’re already on the point of develop our personal kenaf handmade paper undertaking in Belize.

We invite you to put money into your kenaf planting as a member of our group.

Kenaf is the environmental entrepreneurship powerhouse with a number of revenue facilities.

for you. It isn’t a graduate course in a college. It’s a all the way down to earth program.

The local weather change is getting worse. However we now have a way to take management of our environmental issues and do one thing to ameliorate them.

We on this planet are in a battle for our survival as a species.Every so often on this very energetic planet now we have extinction stage occasions (ELE). Most of them are the outcomes of acts of nature. However we’re creating our personal extinction stage occasion (ELE). When the loss of life rock fell from the sky and worn out the dinosaurs, they’d no warning. They did not know what hit them. However our extinction stage is going on slowly sufficient that we will take motion. We’re sentient, now we have our minds and our arms. We will take command of what’s taking place on our world. What can I do you say? We are saying, “Plant kenaf.”

We will plant kenaf or put money into another person planting it. We will cease world warming.

We will create companies to earn cash for you and different buyers whilst you assist take away carbon from the environment.We will all actively take part in the true battle.


It is time to get our planet again to regular ranges of carbon dioxide within the environment. One acre of kenaf sequesters as a lot carbon dioxide as 8 acres of quick rising pine timber.

YOU CAN EVEN DO THIS: Planting a small kenaf plot in your backyard might help take carbon dioxide out of the environment and contribute to the battle towards world warming. You can use the leaves for top protein greens, and chickens adore it, too. Use the seeds for gluten-free flour, and the stalks for dust-free bedding for animals.

Planting one manzana of kenaf in a tropical nation, as an investor or as a farmer, might internet you 1000’s of {dollars} in financial return, and sequester tons of carbon dioxide, offering you an environmental return.

Kenaf was used for rope and for making sackcloth 6,000 years in the past. Its new makes use of embody biocomposites being manufactured for Toyota which plans to make all its automotive interiors with kenaf.

Kenaf mixed with recycled plastic makes a superb constructing materials in addition to uncooked materials for industrial use.

And, on the similar time with it excessive protein content material, it could feed the hungry of the world, individuals and animals.Kenaf can substitute tree reducing because it makes tree free paper, can be utilized for individuals meals as a potherb or gluten free flour, livestock feed, paper, biochar, carbon sequestration, cloth and biocomposites

This ecofriendly plant that has the potential to create a profitable inexperienced enterprise for you. Develop kenaf in your yard or in a big plantation.


Supply by Dr Carolyn M Cross

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