Serval is a extremely profitable feline and hunter. Its lovely coat and great predatory skills allow it to face out amongst different prime predators of the African night time. Requiring water continually for its survival, it lives in grasslands and open plains with water patches, avoiding deserts and arid areas. Extinct from North Africa owing to human interference, they’re now seen in sub-Saharan Africa.
Serval coat is mostly tawny with black spots on it, generally merging to from stripes. Melanism is sometimes seen, together with white Servals, although the latter is barely present in captivity. The distinct options of Serval are its lengthy legs (longer in proportion to physique measurement than every other cat) and lengthy ears (rendering it with a listening to potential unequalled in cat household) that make the Serval a grasp hunter. Regardless of being a medium sized cat – thirty to forty kilos in weight, round 4 ft together with tail in size – Serval is commonly capable of take down greater prey.
Owing to its extremely specialised physique, Serval is among the many finest hunters in Africa, boasting an astounding success charge of fifty% in looking. It takes all kinds of prey together with rodents, birds, fish, hares, bugs and frogs. The standard method is to silently stalk the prey in night time, echo-locating it with its sharp ears, then making a ultimate vertical pounce on the animal. Serval additionally focuses on catching birds out of air by leaping excessive from the bottom and making a clapping motion from its paws to catch the stunned fowl out of skinny air. At instances Serval even takes down deers, although the chief prey animals stay small mammals.
Servals are solitary cats and are available collectively throughout mating. Being pregnant lasts round two and a half to a few months, after which one to 5, often two, cubs are born. Mom hides the younger in burrows and bush till they acquire independence at seven months and attain maturity at almost two years of age. In captivity Servals stay as much as nineteen years.